What will happened after a tooth is extracted?
Bone lose/collapse/ridge resorption
Without socket preservation, the bone quickly resorbs resulting in 30–60% loss in bone volume in the six months after dental extraction. The jaw bone will never revert to its original shape once bone is lost and tissue contour has changed.
What type of treatment can minimise the effect ?
A socket or alveolar ridge preservation procedure involves placing a bone graft into the socket, where the tooth once was. This graft can be made of synthetic materials, bone from other animals (such as cows) or human bone. After putting the graft in the socket, the dentist usually covers it up with a collagen membrane, then sutures the opening to keep it closed.
What is the purpose of socket preservation?
The goal of socket preservation is to improve the appearance of the remaining teeth and gums and to make the process of getting a dental implant less complicated.
The severity of the healing pattern may pose a problem for the clinician in 2 ways: it creates an esthetic problem in the fabrication of an implant-supported restoration or a conventional prosthesis; and it may make the placement of an implant challenging if not unfeasible.
The placement of an implant at a site with a thin crestal ridge (e.g., postextraction ridge) could result in a significant buccal dehiscence. Thus, it seems prudent to prevent alveolar ridge destruction and make efforts to preserve it during extraction procedures.
However, it is possible to minimize such problems by simply carrying out ridge preservation procedures in extraction sockets using grafting materials with or without barrier membranes. Socket preservation procedures help reduce horizontal or vertical alterations in the alveolar ridge near the site of a tooth extraction.
Is Socket Preservation Necessary?
Bone graft dental work is not done just for fun, not at all. By having your socket preserved, you improve your appearance by protecting your jaw bone both vertical and horizontal alteration are reduced. Additionally, you protect your gums and make it easier to get dental implants in the future should you need them.